Art.005 - History of the film festival - Locarno Film Festival

Art.005 – History of the film festival – Locarno Film Festival

According to historical sources, the history of Swiss cinema began in 1896, when the first screening of the Lumière Brothers’ films took place in Geneva. The first Swiss film, “La Fée aux Fleurs” by François-Louis Schmied, was made in 1898. The Locarno Film Festival, one of the oldest film festivals in the world, was founded in 1946, following the end of World War II. The festival was established by a group of film enthusiasts led by the Swiss-French film director and screenwriter, René Clair.

The Locarno Film Festival, one of the oldest film festivals in the world, began in 1946 in the town of Locarno, Switzerland. The festival was initially conceived as an event to promote Swiss and Italian cinema and was organized by a group of film enthusiasts led by Dr. Carlo L. Ragghianti, who served as the festival’s first director, who wanted to create a platform for international cinema that was not controlled by the government.

At the beginning of the festival, few people knew that it was organized by a group of film lovers who faced many obstacles, including financial difficulties and censorship. The festival quickly gained recognition and became an important event in the international film calendar.

The impact of World War II on the beginning of the festival was significant. The festival was launched in the aftermath of the war, at a time when Europe was still recovering from the devastating effects of the conflict. The festival was seen as a way to promote cultural exchange and to help bring people from different countries and cultures together.

The awards of the Locarno Film Festival are called the Pardo d’Oro (Golden Leopard) awards and are presented in a number of categories. The awards are given to both feature films and short films and are allocated to films that demonstrate excellence in various aspects of filmmaking, such as direction, acting, cinematography, and screenplay. The festival also presents a number of other awards, including the Special Jury Prize, the Best Director award, and the Best Actress and Best Actor awards.

The Pardo d’Oro awards are presented in several sections, including the International Competition, the Filmmakers of the Present Competition, the Signs of Life section, and the Pardi di Domani section. The International Competition is the festival’s main section, and features a selection of the year’s most innovative and exciting films from around the world. The Filmmakers of the Present Competition focuses on emerging directors and showcases innovative and experimental films. The Signs of Life section presents films that challenge traditional notions of storytelling and form, while the Pardi di Domani section presents short films from new and emerging filmmakers.


  • “Locarno Film Festival,” Encyclopedia Britannica.
  • “Locarno Film Festival,” IMDb.
  • “History of the Locarno Film Festival,” Swiss Films.
  • “Pardo d’Oro,” Locarno Film Festival.