Art.006 – History of the film festival – Edinburgh Film Festival

According to the theory, the history of Scottish cinema began in 1896, when the Lumiere Brothers exhibited their films in Glasgow. The first Scottish film was made in 1897 by a company called Green’s Film Service. However, it was not until the 1930s that a native Scottish film industry began to develop.

The Edinburgh International Film Festival (EIFF) is one of the oldest film festivals in the world. It was founded in 1947 and has been held annually ever since. The festival was established by a group of film enthusiasts, led by David Daiches, who saw the need for a festival that would showcase international cinema and promote cultural exchange.

At the beginning of the Edinburgh Film Festival, few people knew that it was held alongside the Edinburgh International Festival, which was established in 1947 to celebrate the performing arts. The film festival was originally a part of the larger International Festival, but it quickly grew in popularity and became an independent event in 2008.

The impact of World War II on the beginning of the Edinburgh Film Festival was significant. The festival was launched just two years after the end of the war, and it played an important role in the cultural reconstruction of Europe. The festival aimed to promote international understanding and provide a platform for filmmakers from around the world to showcase their work.

The awards of the Edinburgh Film Festival are called the Michael Powell Awards, named after the Scottish filmmaker Michael Powell. The awards are presented to films in various categories, including Best Feature Film, Best Documentary, and Best Short Film. The awards are open to both feature films and short films, and they are judged by a panel of industry professionals and film critics.

The Michael Powell Award for Best British Feature Film is the most prestigious prize at the festival. The award carries a cash prize of £20,000 and is given to the best British feature film in the competition. Other awards include Best International Feature Film, Best Documentary Feature, and Best Short Film. The festival also has a series of audience awards, including the Audience Award for Best Film, which is voted on by festival-goers.


  • “Edinburgh International Film Festival.” IMDb
  • “Edinburgh International Film Festival.” Wikipedia
  • “Scottish Cinema.” National Library of Scotland