Art.002 - History of the film festival - Moscow Film Festival

Art.002 – History of the film festival – Moscow Film Festival

The history of Russian cinema began in 1896 with the first public film screening in St. Petersburg. However, it was not until the early 1900s that Russian filmmakers began producing their own films.

The Moscow International Film Festival was established in 1935, which is approximately 39 years after the first public film screening in Russia.

The Moscow Film Festival was established by the government of the Soviet Union, specifically by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) Ministry of Culture. The festival was founded by Sergei Eisenstein, a prominent Soviet film director and film theorist.

At the beginning of the Moscow Film Festival, few people know that the festival was actually called the “International Film Festival of the Workers and Peasants”. The festival had a humble beginning, with only 18 countries participating and 48 films screened.

The impact of World War II on the Moscow Film Festival was significant. The festival was canceled from 1941 to 1958 due to the war, and it was not until 1959 that the festival resumed.

The awards of the Moscow Film Festival are called the Golden St. George, Silver St. George, and other awards in various categories. These awards are for feature films, and there are separate awards for short films as well.

The Golden St. George is the most prestigious award at the Moscow Film Festival and is awarded to the best film of the festival. The Silver St. George is awarded for best director, and there are also awards for best actor, actress, screenplay, and cinematography.

The awards are allocated to various categories such as Competitions, Special Screenings, Documentary Films, and Short Films. The competition section is the main section of the festival, and it includes feature films from around the world.


  • “Moscow International Film Festival.” Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., n.d.
  • “History of Russian Cinema.” AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute, n.d.
  • “Moscow International Film Festival.” IMDb., Inc., n.d.