Art.003 – History of the film festival – Cannes Film Festival
The history of French cinema began in 1895 with the first public screening of films by the Lumière brothers. From that time, French cinema grew rapidly and became one of the most influential film industries in the world.
The Cannes Film Festival began in 1946, which is approximately 51 years after the first public screening of films in France. The festival was established by the French government, specifically by the Ministry of National Education and Fine Arts.
At the beginning of the Cannes Film Festival, few people know that it was not originally called the Cannes Film Festival. The festival was originally called the “International Film Festival” and was held in the city of Cannes, France.
The impact of World War II on the Cannes Film Festival was significant. The festival was not held from 1940 to 1945 due to the war, and it was not until 1946 that the festival resumed.
The awards of the Cannes Film Festival are called the Palme d’Or, Grand Prix, Jury Prize, and other awards in various categories. These awards are primarily for feature films, but there are also separate awards for short films.
The Palme d’Or is the most prestigious award at the Cannes Film Festival and is awarded to the best film of the festival. The Grand Prix is awarded for the second-best film, and there are also awards for best director, actor, actress, screenplay, and cinematography.
The awards are allocated to various categories such as Competition, Out of Competition, Un Certain Regard, and Cannes Classics. The competition section is the main section of the festival and includes feature films from around the world.
- “Cannes Film Festival.” Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., n.d.
- “History of French Cinema.” AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute, n.d.
- “Cannes Film Festival.” IMDb. IMDb.com, Inc., n.d.